Changing a Chinese Style (Larger Reed) to an American Style (Smaller Reed)
把一个中式(大的哨片)改成美式(小的哨片)

By Terry B. Ewell
唐英伟

Translation by XiaoXioa Zhu

Welcome. I am Terry Ewell. There are many different styles of bassoon reeds, each with their own strengths. You can study my article on reed finishing (ďA Pedagogy for Finishing Reeds。。。) for more information.
大家好。我是唐英伟博士。有许多不同的风格各有自己长处的大管哨片。你可以学习我整理的《巴松管哨片教学》的论文获取更多信息。
In this video I take a larger Chinese style bassoon reed and change it into a smaller American style reed.
在这期视频,我要把一个中式大一点的哨片改成一个美式较小的哨片。
First observe the measurements.
首先观察测量。
Notice the different apertures (tip openings).
注意不同孔径(尖口)。
Notice the different blade thicknesses at the tip and the rails (sides).
注意尖端和叠合轨(侧)不同的刀片厚度。
Also see the different placement of the wires.
同时看到不同位置的铜环。
First, I change the position of the first wire.
首先,我改变第一铜环。
Second, I create a new collar with a knife and later with a file.
然后,我用刀子和锉刀制作了一个新的哨肩。
Then I make the rails thinner with a file. Notice that I do not take out material in the center or heart of the reed.
我又把叠合轨削薄。请注意,我尽量避免把哨片的中心削的太薄。
Adjust the aperture (tip opening) by closing the first wire and opening the second wire.
通过关闭第一铜环和打开第二铜环调整孔径(前端开口)。
Then I cut the tip. Here I use scissors since I am traveling in China. At home I use clippers or a tip cutter.
然后我制作哨片尖端。因为我现在在中国旅行,所以我用剪刀。通常我会使用钳子或尖刀。
Continue thinning (with the file and the knife) and balancing the sides. Then I make the wings thinner. Notice I donít make the heart or middle thinner.
继续削薄并且保持两侧平衡。然后把翅膀变得更薄。请注意,中心不要变薄。
At the end I make further adjustments so that the reed will respond quickly and play in tune. My article on reed finishing will help you with these issues. Thank you for watching.
最后,为了使哨片反应敏捷和保证音准,我再做进一步的调整。我的文章《巴松管哨片教学》将有助于帮你解决相关问题。谢谢观看。